Saturday, April 10, 2010

Allama Iqbal - The Great Philosopher and Poet

Allama Iqbal, the Poet of East, first gave the idea of Pakistan. Through his poetry, all the Muslims of Indo-Pak got the courage and started struggling for their separate Muslim identity, and had become successful in 1947 in the form of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal said, ‘if we are resolved to describe Islam as a system of superior values, we are obliged, first of all, to acknowledge that we are not the true representatives of Islam’

Allama Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Nov, 1877 – April 1938) was a great poet (Persian and Urdu), a philosopher and a politician. He was studied in Cambridge, Munich and Heidelberg and got degrees in law, politics, history and Philosophy. Allama means ‘Scholar’ is the surname given to Iqbal due to his wisdom. Besides practicing law, Iqbal concentrated primarily on writing scholarly works on politics, economics and religion. He is best known for his renowned poetry.
Iqbal did a lot of work on Islamic civilization across the world and delivered many lectors especially in South Asia. After joining All India Muslim League, Iqbal raised his voice for the separate identity of Muslims of India, after realizing that Hindus and Muslims are two different nations with having their own culture, traditions and beliefs. In his presidential address in 1930, Iqbal encouraged the creation of a state in northwestern India for Muslims. Iqbal worked closely with Muhammad Ali Jinnah – the founder of Pakistan. Pakistan is the Iqbal’s dream that completed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah along with the lots of Muslims who did struggle for their freedom.
Iqbal’s poetry gave unity to Muslims of India and provided a destination. They inspired much by the Iqbal’s poetry and developed strong passions for achievement and finally got the success in the form of Pakistan.
Iqbal is also know as the poet of East, Muffakir-e-Pakistan (The Thinker of Pakistan) and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (The Sage of Ummah)
Poetic Works of Iqbal
- Asrar-e-Khudi (Secrets of the Self) – Persian
- Rumuz-e-Bekhudi (Hints of Selflessness) – Persian
- Zabur-e-Ajam (Persian Psalms) – Persian
- Bang-e-Dara (The Call of the Marching Bell) – Urdu
- Tarana-e-Hind (The Song of India) – Urdu
- Tarana-e-Milli (Anthem of the Muslim Community) – Urdu
- Bal-e-Jibril (Wings of Gabriel) – Urdu
- Armughan-e-Hijaz (The Gift of Hijaz) – Urdu

Book and Journal
- The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam
- The Journal Tolu-e-Islam

No comments:

Post a Comment