Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Muhammad Ali Jinnah – The Founder of Pakistan

Pakistan, the major Muslim state in the world, is an alive and exemplary tribute of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. With Jinnah’s persistent efforts, spirited will along with the consistent struggles of All India Muslim League, Pakistan - the best nation came into existence. He is known as Quaid-e-Azam (Leader of the nation).
Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three.’ - Stanley Wolpert
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) was born in Karachi. After completing the law degree at Lincoln‘s Inn, England, he called to the bar in England in 1897. During his student life, he got the exposure to the idea of democratic nation and progressive politics.
After returning to India, he started his political career through All India National Congress in 1906. He wanted to work for the people of Indian rather than only for Muslims and raised his voice for the rights of Indians. But soon he realized that Congress favored only Hindus and not represented Indian Muslims. He also realized that there is a huge difference in the culture and values of Hindu and Muslims. So, he joined All India Muslim League in 1913. He became president of Muslim League at Lucknow session in 1916.
Jinnah reorganized Muslim League and united the Indian Muslims. In 1920, Jinnah resigned from the Congress; the reason was Gandhi's (Congress leader) method of struggle that would lead to divisions between Hindus and Muslims. He presented the Two Nations Ideology - Hindu-Muslim separation, Hindu and Muslims are the two separate nations with having opposite values, different in cultures & traditions. He developed a rational formula for the Hindu Muslim settlement which was considered as the primary condition for Indian freedom.
In 1940, in the Muslim League’s annual session at Lahore, the demand for Pakistan was formally put forward. Congress and British rulers try their best to refuse the Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s demand but did not succeed. Quaid-e-Azam never lost hope and firmly determined on his demand, as a separate Muslim nation. Finally, British cabinet had accepted Jinnah’s demand and in 14 August 1947, Pakistan cam into existence. Muhammad Ali Jinnah became the first Governor Journal of Pakistan.
                         Faith, Unity & Discipline (Jinnah’s motto)
Jinnah’s Golden Words:

  • The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fair play to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims --Hindus, Christians, and Parsis --but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast talk to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan recorded February, 1948.

  • We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind. Speech at the opening ceremony of State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi July 1, 1948

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